History of Istria
Istria, the land of our largest peninsula, located in the far north of the Adriatic, it is a combination of many geographic contrasts (touching the Alps and the Dinara mountain and sub-alpine valleys and coastal and open roads in the Mediterranean, on the Balkan Peninsula, Central and Western Europe. Such specific geographic location was the base for many cultural and historical events that stretch from prehistory to the present day.
It all starts in the second Century BC when the Romans took their campaign, winning the peninsula and obey its population (the first tribe of istria called Histri). The Romans left many of the features such as Paleomediteranien type buildings rendered in popular stone walls that were an adjunct walls of the circular layout and stone roofs. In Istria that buildings are called Kažuni.Solid and organized Roman rule left many monuments of which are very popular and heavily frequented (Arena and arches in Pula, Martov temple in Porec, etc..).
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire Istria were taken by Byzantium who also leaves behind numerous historic-cultural heritage, one of the most important is the Porec Basilica Eufrazijana (from 6 th century).
After Byzantium goes great migration that results in larger and larger population of Slavs early early 7 th century, and the evidence of many Slavic cemeteries around Buzet and Motovun in the north, and about Zminj in the southern half of the peninsula Istre.U medieval Istria was divided between feudal Patriarch of Aquileia and the counts of Gorizia.
In the period of 11-13 centuries in Istria undergoing important period of Romanesque art, raises a host city walls Romanesque style (Motovun, Pula), and build castles and forts and still carry important historical testimony (Pazin, Sanvincenat, Vodnjan). In late 13th century penetrates and Gothic important period which will form the appearance of today’s towns along the already beautiful coast (Pula, Rovinj, Rovinj, Umag).
From 13-16 centuries Istria gradually occupies Venice, while the mid 16th century Istria share Venice and Austria.
After the fall of Venice, Istria comes fully under Austrian rule at the end of the 18th century, and after the first world war falls under Italy and after the Second World War is reunited with Croatian to this day.